European Society of Criminology

The Society has established twenty four working groups:


Thematic working group on juvenile justice (TWGJJ) (Chairs: Barry Goldson & Jenneke Christiaens)

TWGJJ Co-ordinators/Chairs: Professor Barry Goldson and Professor Jenneke Christiaens

The first meeting of the Thematic Working Group on Juvenile Justice (TWGJJ) took place at the European Society of Criminology Conference in Helsinki in August, 2003. Reports produced by members of the Group at that time led to the publication, in 2006, of the International Handbook of Juvenile Justice edited by Josine Junger-Tas and Scott H. Decker and published by Springer.

Further to a successful meeting of the TWGJJ at the European Society of Criminology Conference in Budapest in September, 2013, it is currently co-ordinated/chaired by Professor Barry Goldson, Department of Sociology, Social Policy and Criminology, University of Liverpool, UK and Professor Jenneke Christiaens, Law School, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium.

In addition to convening regular meetings and organising specialist juvenile justice sessions at annual European Society of Criminology conferences, the principal objectives of the TWGJJ are to:

  • provide an arena for information exchange, critical analysis and debate across the European research, policy and practice communities;

  • advance knowledge, understanding and research of juvenile justice issues across Europe and beyond.

To achieve the above the TWGJJ aims to:
  • organise and host conferences, seminars and symposia;

  • disseminate information through its networks and via scholarly publications;

  • explore and facilitate opportunities for collaborative research and publication projects;

  • respond to policy consultations and/or requests for information.

ESC members with research interests in juvenile justice are invited to join the renewed TWGJJ.

If you are interested in joining the TWGJJ, please send your name, institutional affiliation and research interests to the co-ordinators: Professor Barry Goldson at: and Professor Jenneke Christiaens at: Please include 'TWGJJ' in the subject field of your email message.

European Working Group on Quantitative Methods in Criminology (Chairs: Daniel Seddig & Heinz Leitgöb)

ESC members with research interests in quantitative methods (e.g. survey methodology, quantitative research designs, statistical analysis, simulation) are invited to join the renewed European Working Goup on Quantitative Methods in Criminology (EQMC).

The basic idea is to facilitate the exchange and cooperation between researchers focusing on the development and application of quantitative methods in a criminological context. Besides regular meetings and organized sessions at the annual ESC conferences, the working group aims at offering thematic workshops for applied criminologists on special methodological topics (e.g. structural equation models, modeling of interaction effects, latent curve analysis). Further potential activities as well as organizational issues will be presented and discussed on an annual meeting at ESC conference.

If you like to join the EQMC working group, please send your name, affiliation, and research interests to and Please include 'EQMC' in the subject field of your email message. Persons who are already listed as members of the (old) EQC working group are kindly asked to rejoin in case of continued interest in order to update the member list.


For further details please see:

ESC European University Curriculum Working Group (Chair: Gorazd Meško)

The purpose of the working group is to foster high quality European university programmes in criminology as well as innovative teaching in this area.

The basic idea is to find a consensus on the substance and processes of teaching (census, standards) while "the challenges" concentrate on the results of teaching (communication with policy and public). Both aspects seem very important. However I would suggest formulating something like goals of the working group to initiate a discourse and to seek consensus/understanding each other on issues of substance of teaching (place for critical criminology, analysis of on-going processes in politics and public), teaching process (innovation, transfer of knowledge, mobility), and the results of teaching (public and professional awareness, influence over decision making processes). In some countries, a very important issue is raising of understanding of public and private sectors for which criminological knowledge is important and useful, it is also important to start a discussion on labour market for criminologists.

Due to a greater transferability of knowledge, mobility and exchange of academicians in the field of criminology plans of the working group for the period 2006-2009 are learning about programmes in criminology, criminal justice, crime prevention and community safety, victimology, etc.; obtaining research grants for creation of a European Higher Education Directory consisting under and post-graduate programmes in the mentioned areas, institutions and professors (teachers) of criminology.

Everyone who is willing to participate in developing the quality of teaching and contributing to the development of standards of criminological programmes in Europe is very welcome.

To participate in the survey on Criminology PhD
Programmes in Europe conducted by the ESC European
University Curriculum Working Group please click on
the link below:


Stephen Case
Gordon Hughes
Adam Edwards
Anna Margaryan
Erich Marks
Algimantas Cepas
Aleksandras Dobryninas
Chris Eskridge
Gorazd Meško

New members welcome!

Do not hesitate to contact me at

Crime, Science and Politics Working Group (formerly EUGPSRN) (Chair: Sirpa Virta)

Origins of the Working Group

At its meeting during the ninth conference of the European Society of Criminology in Ljubljana, the European Governance of Public Safety Research Network (EUGPSRN) agreed to reconstitute itself as the 'Crime, Science and Politics' Working Group. This decision reflects the evolving interests of working group members from a specific concern with the kinds of politics of control generated by partnerships of state, market and civil society actors ('governance') to a broader set of interests in interactions between politics and crime control and political analysis and criminological research. The focus on crime, science and politics reflects current controversies around these interactions, such as: the tensions between scientific inquiry and popular-democratic representation in evidence-based policy-making; the call for social scientists to become 'public intellectuals' with a duty to intervene in and shape public controversies around crime and control; disputes over the appropriate methodological frameworks for evaluating 'what works' in crime control; and disputes over the possibility and desirability of demarcating science and politics in these controversies.

Aim and Objectives of the Working Group on Crime, Science and Politics

Given these origins, the aim of the working group is:

"To facilitate research into the relationship between scientific expertise and political action in the formulation, implementation and evaluation of public policy responses to crime and deviance".

Specific objectives in support of this aim are:

  • To consider the relationship between scientific inquiry and popular-democratic representation in policy responses to crime and deviance;
  • To examine the role of political analysis in criminological research;
  • To consider the possibility and desirability of demarcating political analysis from scientific inquiry in criminological research;
  • To question the politics and ethics of the research relationship between criminologists and those who commission and use criminological research;
  • To consider the role of criminologists in public policy-making;
  • To question the epistemological status of criminological knowledge relative to other narratives about crime and control.

Forthcoming Activities

The working group will convene panels of papers relating to the above aim and objectives at annual meetings of the ESC. The working group provides opportunities for researchers interested in science-politics interactions in criminology, crime and control to exchange ideas for collaborative writing and research and further stimulate comparative understanding in European criminology.

Membership of the Network

The constitution of the working group is relatively informal and participation in its activities is open to all members of the ESC who share a research interest in its aim and objectives. Offers of papers and suggestions for themed panels to be convened by the working group at the annual meetings of the ESC are welcome. Please contact the chair, Sirpa Virta, at, for further details of the working group's activities.

European Society of Criminology Postgraduate and Early Stage Researchers Working Group (EPER) (Chair Sabine Carl) - (vice-Chair Filip Vojta )

Origins and Progress to Date

The initial meeting of the European Postgraduate Researchers Group took place at the European Society of Criminology (ESC) Conference in Tubingen. The ESC, the Centre for Criminological Research, University of Sheffield, and the Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research, University of Glasgow support the Working Group. The Working Group is primarily aimed at doctoral and post-doctoral researchers in the early stages of their career (up to 7 years research experience). The Group provides the opportunity for members to present their research, and provides information on publishing work, pursuing academic/research careers, applying for research funding and working collaboratively. It is an interdisciplinary group, with members from various departments from across Europe who are involved in criminological research, for example law and sociological studies.

The second annual meeting of the EPER Working Group took place in Bologna, 2007, and the third took place in September 2008 at the European Society of Criminology conference at the University of Edinburgh, held at Murrayfield Stadium. At the meeting, the co-ordinating committee for the group was finalised (see below). The fourth annual EPER meeting took place in Slovenia in 2009. For this meeting, three fellowships were available for members based in Eastern European jurisdictions to come to the meeting and present papers on their research.


The aim of the Working Group is to provide a forum to discuss, develop and collaborate on new and innovative criminal justice research with other early stage researchers and lead/senior academics on a European level.


  • Promote the dissemination of information on the research projects undertaken and the methodologies employed - by doctoral and post-doctoral researchers across Europe who are in the early stages of their careers.
  • Establish a communication network between members (e-mail distribution list, dedicated webpage, a regular newsletter)
  • Organize sessions at the annual ESC meetings which provide for

    ° 1) the opportunity for early stage and postgraduate researchers to present their work.

    ° 2) benefiting from the experience of Senior Academics through sessions on 'Getting Published' or 'Putting Together Research Proposals'.

  • To consider further methods of providing tips, advice, support and dissemination of current projects for example through the web-site.
  • Gathering support and promoting pan-European collaborations.

The website:

The website is currently being updated although you can still access some details at

EPER Online Criminal Justice Database:

The working group committee was keen to initiate some form of working project that would be of use to our members. The Group decided to establish an online database of information about the criminal justice systems of each country represented in the working group - the Criminology / CJS Fact Sheet project. Members of the group are creating a brief overview and critique of criminal justice procedures in their own jurisdictions, including any current issues. A pro-forma has been created to help members in this task and to aid consistency across jurisdictions. The plan is that this will eventually build into a significant online source of information for all those interested in criminal justice research.

The Working Group is currently coordinated by the EPER Working Group Organising Committee

Sabine Carl Chair
Filip Vojta Vice-Chair / Recruitment (East Europe) (
Matthew Hall Communications/Newsletter (
Ryan Davenport Network Officer (
Aiden Sidebottom Peer Review/Contacting Editors (
Tanja Link Peer Review/Contacting Editors (
Matthew Bacon PhD Liaison
Joanna Shapland Senior Academic Rep (Associate Member)
Michele Burman Senior Academic Rep (Associate Member)

Jenny Johnstone Senior Academic Rep (Associate Member) (



Members are doctoral and post-doctoral researchers in the early stages of their career (up to 7 years research experience).

Associate Members

Associate members will be Senior Academics who have experience of leading research projects and who would like to offer their support to the Group. Professor Joanna Shapland, Professor Michele Burman, and Jenny Johnstone are currently Associate Members of the Group.

Joining the group

All ESC-members who would like to be part of this group, either as Members or Associate Members are invited to join. Please contact either Lisa Burns at the The Centre for Criminological Research, University of Sheffield, Crookesmoor Building, Conduit Road, Sheffield, S10 1FL UK. E-mail: Phone: +44 (0)114 222 6859

Please feel free to contact any of us with questions or ideas for taking the group forward.

European Development and Life-course Criminology (EDLC) (Chair: Arjan Blokland & Victor van der Geest)


The development of antisocial behaviour within individuals' lives is the focal point of Developmental and Life-course Criminology (DLC), an exciting and growing research area in criminology. Much of the knowledge base on the longitudinal patterning of delinquency and crime over the life span has emerged from using data from the United States, Great Britain and more recently Australia. Yet, developmental patterns result from the complex interplay between individual and contextual factors, including societal and legal institutions. Since these institutions differ cross-nationally, developmental patterns may do so accordingly. DLC-research from other - European - countries is thus inexplicable to gain detailed knowledge on criminal careers and test developmental criminological theories. Fortunately, longitudinal projects on the development of antisocial behaviour are underway in various European countries and the number of European researchers on DLC-topics is substantial and growing. In order to stimulate DLC-research in Europe and to promote contact between the various European research groups working on DLC-issues, we have established the European Developmental and Life-course Criminology working group. We would like to invite ESC members involved in longitudinal studies on the development of delinquency and crime to combine their expertise and join the working group.


To facilitate research on developmental and life course criminology and maximize international dissemination of DLC-research results.


A number of specific objectives in support of this aim have been established:
  • promote communication between European DLC-researchers
  • organize thematic DLC-sessions at the annual ESC meetings
  • establish cross-national research ties and promote international collaboration on DLC-topics
  • offer a 'best European paper' award for outstanding research in the DLC-field


    The working group is chaired by and its activities coordinated by Arjan Blokland and Paul Nieuwbeerta. All ESC-members involved in longitudinal research projects are invited to join. If you would like to join, please send your name, position, affiliation, and a description of the research project you are working on to .

    Contact address

    Dr. mr. A.A.J. (Arjan) Blokland / Prof. Dr. P. (Paul) Nieuwbeerta
    NSCR (Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement)
    P.O.Box 792 - 2300 AT Leiden
    The Netherlands
    Tel: +31 (0)71 - 527 8527 (secr.)
    Fax: +31 (0)71 - 527 8537

    European Homicide Research (EHR) (Chair: Marieke Liem )


    Homicide is one of the most dramatic and tragic offences. It has very high priority in research, public opinion, policy, and prevention in the European nations. Unfortunately, it is one of the most difficult crimes to be studied due to the low frequency and the high variability of events.
    Moreover, most statistical sources on homicide that exist in European countries are hardly cross-nationally comparable. Regrettably to date our knowledge and information on homicide in Europe is rather limited.
    Therefore, it is of importance to stimulate the study of homicide in each of the different European countries. Furthermore, there is a need to describe differences in homicide patterns across European countries and examine various explanations for the (cross-national) differences in these patterns. Violent crimes result from the complex interplay between individual and contextual factors, including societal and legal institutions. Since these institutions differ cross-nationally, homicide patterns may do so accordingly. Cross-national research thus is inexplicable to gain detailed knowledge on homicide and test criminological theories on violence.
    In order to stimulate homicide research in Europe and to promote contact between the various European researchers working on national homicide studies, we have established the European Homicide Research working group. Fortunately, homicide research projects are underway in various European countries and the number of European homicide researchers is substantial and growing. We would like to invite the ESC members involved in these homicide studies to combine their expertise and join the working group.


    To facilitate research on homicide in Europe and maximize international dissemination of homicide research results.


    A number of specific objectives in support of this aim have been established:
  • promote communication between European homicide researchers
  • organize thematic homicide sessions at the annual ESC meetings
  • establish cross-national research ties and promote international collaboration on homicide research
  • offer a 'best European paper' award for outstanding research in the area of homicide research


    The working group is chaired by and its activities coordinated by Marieke Liem. All ESC-members involved in homicide research projects are invited to join. If you would like to join, please send your name, position, affiliation, and a description of the research project you are working on to

    The EHRG Website is online and can be found here:

    Contact address

    Marieke Liem
    Leiden University
    Law Faculty
    Department of Criminology
    Steenschuur 25
    2311 ES Leiden
    The Netherlands
    Tel: +31 71 527 7462

    ESC Working Group on Community Sanctions

    Acting Chairs: Gwen Robinson and Kerstin Svensson

    Membership List


    1. McNeill, Fergus, Professor of Criminology & Social Work, Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research, University of Glasgow, UK (Scotland),

    2. Annison, Jill, Senior Lecturer, Plymouth Law School, University of Plymouth, UK (England)

    3. Bauwens, Aline, PhD Student, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Department of Criminology, Belgium,

    4. Blay, Ester, Visiting lecturer, Law Department, Universitat Pompeu Fabra (Barcelona), Spain,

    5. Boone, Miranda, Associate Professor of Criminology and Criminal Law, Willem Pompe Institute for Criminal Law and Criminology, University of Utrecht, the Netherlands,

    6. Burke, Lol, Senior Lecturer in Criminal Justice, Liverpool John Moores University,
    School of Law, UK (England),

    7. Campion, Liz, Swansea University, UK (Wales),

    8. Cid, Jose, Lecturer in Criminal Law and Criminology, Departament de Ciencia Politica i Dret Public Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Spain,

    9. Colman, Charlotte, Scientific researcher, PHD candidate, Ghent University, Department of Criminal Law and Criminology, Belgium,

    10. Dunkel, Frieder, Professor, Department of Criminology, Faculty of Law and Economics, University of Greifswald, Germany,

    11. Durnescu, Ioan, Lecturer, School of Sociology & Social Work, University of Bucharest, Romania,

    12. Fellegi, Borbala, Hungary,

    13. Fitzgibbon, Wendy, Middlesex University, UK (England),

    14. Gelsthorpe, Loraine, Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge, UK (England),

    15. Grafl, Christian, University of Vienna, Austria,

    16. Grosselfinger, Nancy,

    17. Healy, Deirdre, University College Dublin, Ireland,

    18. Herzog-Evans, Martine, Professor, Criminal Law, Law Faculty, University of Reims, France,

    19. Hucklesby, Anthea, Reader in Criminology, University of Leeds, UK (England)

    20. Hutton, Neil, Professor, University of Strathclyde, UK (Scotland),

    21. Kensey, Annie, Demographer, Prison Administration, Associated Researcher at CESDIP/CNRS, France,

    22. Kereszi, Klara, Hungary,

    23. Lulei, Martin, Slovakia,

    24. McIvor, Gill, Professor, University of Stirling, UK (Scotland),

    25. McCulloch, Trish, University of Dundee, UK (Scotland),

    26. Maguire, Mike, Professor, Cardiff University, UK (Wales),

    27. Maguire, Niamh, Waterford Institute of technology, Ireland,

    28. Mair, George, Professor, Liverpool John Moore's University, UK (England),

    29. Margaryan, Anna, Yerevan State University, Armenia,

    30. Maruna, Shadd, Professor, Queen's University Belfast, UK (Northern Ireland),

    31. Meek, Rosie, University of Southampton, UK (England),

    32. Menger, Anneke. Associate Professor at HU University of Applied Sciences Utrecht, Netherlands,

    33. Mills, Karen, Lecturer, School of Law, University of Hertfordshire, UK (England)

    34. Morgenstern, Christine, Research Associate, Department of Criminology, Faculty of Law and Economics, University of Greifswald, Germany,

    35. Larrauri, Elena, Professor of Criminal Law and Criminology, Law Department, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, 08005 Barcelona, Spain,

    36. Nellis, Mike, Professor, University of Strathclyde, UK (Scotland),

    37. O'Donell, Ian, University College Dublin, Ireland,

    38. Perez, Natalia, Spain,

    39. Pirnat, Carlotta, Austria,

    40. Plaisier, Janine,

    41. Ravagnani. Luisa, University of Brescia, Italy,

    42. Raynor, Peter, Professor of Criminology & Criminal Justice, Centre for Criminal Justice and Criminology, Swansea University, UK (Wales),

    43. Robinson, Gwen, Senior Lecturer, Department of Law, University of Sheffield, UK (England),

    44. Romano, Carlo Alberto, Professor, University of Brescia, Italy,

    45. Senior, Paul, Professor, Sheffield Hallam University, UK (England),

    46. Snacken, Sonja, Professor, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium,

    47. Storgaard, Anette, Ass. Prof., School of Law, University of Aarhus, Denmark,

    48. Svensson, Kerstin, Professor, Lund University, School of Social Work, Sweden,

    49. Tata, Cyrus, University of Strathclyde, UK (Scotland),

    50. Tigges, Leo, CEP, The Netherlands,

    51. Tomasek, Jan, Czech Republic,

    52. Ugelvik, Thomas, University of Oslo, Norway,

    53. Ugwudike, Pamela, Lecturer in Criminology, Centre for Criminal Justice and Criminology, Swansea University, UK (Wales),

    54. Van Kalmthout, Anton, Professor, University of Tilburg, the Netherlands,

    55. Van Vliet, Jaap, the Netherlands, VLIET.AKTIEF@TISCALI.NL

    63. Van Zyl Smit, Dirk, University of Nottingham, UK (England),

    56. Varona Gómez, Daniel, Senior lecturer, Department of Public Law, University of Girona, Spain,

    57. Vogelvang, Bas, Professor of Probation Services and Safety Policy. Center for Safety Policy and Criminal Justice, Avans University of Applied Sciences , The Netherlands,

    58. Weaver, Beth, Lecturer, Glasgow School of Social Work, University of Strathclyde, UK (Scotland),

    59. Whyte, Bill, Professor, University of Edinburgh, UK (Scotland)

    60. Beyens, Kristel, Professor, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Department of Criminology, Brussel, Belgium,

    61. Schinkel, Marguerite, University of Glasgow, School of Social and Political Science, UK

    This working group (formed in December 2007) exists to encourage networking, foster discussion, stimulate empirical research, enable theoretical development and encourage critical and comparative work on community sanctions in European jurisdictions. Its specific interests and concerns include:

    1. The historical development of community-based criminal justice sanctions in European jurisdictions, how community sanctions in European jurisdictions are currently configured (both as legal orders and as related penal practices) and whether, in what ways and to what extent they are subject to significant ongoing reconfiguration or transformation
    2. The emergence and significance of new forms of community sanction, such as compulsory drug treatment and electronic monitoring
    3. The effectiveness of these sanctions and their impacts:

      a. on sentencing
      b. on offenders
      c. on victims
      d. on communities
      e. on other stakeholders
    4. Public attitudes to and media representations of such measures

    The group will be formally launched at the ESC conference in Edinburgh in September 2008 through a series of themed sessions addressing the four issues identified above.

    ESC members interested in finding out more about the group or in joining it, should contact at Gwen Robinson and Kerstin Svensson

    Eurogang Network (Contact Person: Frank Weerman )

    ESC members with an interest in developing an understanding of the scope, causes, nature and consequences of gangs through systematic, comparative and multi-method research are welcome to join the Eurogang Network. The Network was formed in the late 90s and since then has held 9 international workshops, developed a set of protocols for comparative research, and organized the publication of several edited volumes. In spring of 2008 the Network became affiliated with the ESC as a working group.

    Our objectives are:

    1)To develop conceptual and methodological research tools for carrying out comparative gang research
    2) To build a body of knowledge about the scopes, causes, nature and control of gangs across Europe
    3) To foster a constructive and amicable dialogue between different theoretical, disciplinary and national research traditions in the study of the relationship between the group aspects of youth transitions and offending
    4) To offer support, mentoring, and training to scholars interested in the comparative study of gangs and generally assist European scholars interested in the study of gangs
    5) To facilitate transfer of knowledge from academic research to the policy and practitioner community in the area of youth street gangs
    6) To develop specific funded research collaborations between our members.

    Membership remains informal and everybody that shares our aims is welcome. Those interested in active participation should email Frank Weerman ( for an initial contact. You will also need to contact Professor Kerner ( for inclusion in the Eurogang distribution list.

    The Eurogang Network is governed through a Steering Committee composed of:

    Frank Weerman
    Frank Van Gemert
    Juanjo Medina
    Judith Aldridge
    Finn-Aage Esbensen
    Cheryl Maxson

    For more details you can visit our website (

    Twitter account: (@Euro_Gang)

    European Society of Criminology Working Group on Policing (Co-Chairs: Nick Fyfe and Alistair Henry)

    Current activities of the Working Group on Policing

    The Working Group on Policing is already looking forward to the next annual meeting of the ESC in Prague in September 2014. As always, we would encourage members to proactively put together their own themed panel sessions for the conference (see below), and have updated the Members' Hub (containing information and contact details of working group members) to allow members to do so. We hope to work closely with local organisers to have policing-themed sessions timetabled throughout the conference.

    Themed panel sessions

    Members are encouraged to put together themed panel sessions for the conference. Putting together themed panel sessions helps to ensure that sessions are coherent and that they include papers that are relevant to one another. This can make for more meaningful discussion of papers in the session. Members can use the Members' Hub (see below) to identify policing scholars who share similar interests and who might be willing to contribute to a themed session. Members wishing to put together a themed panel session should consider the following points:

  • Themed sessions should ideally contain no more than 4 presentations and, in the spirit of the ESC, should involve scholars from more than one country.

  • If you wish your themed panel session to be identified as a 'Working Group on Policing' session then please make this clear to the conference organisers when you submit your session overview and individual abstracts (the processes vary from year to year, we will update this page again when the submission instructions for 2014 have been published). Please also notify the Steering Group of the working group by sending details of the proposed session (names and affiliations of contributors, titles of individual abstracts, title of the themed session, and name of chair) to Alistair Henry ( We put a list of all panel sessions together and submit them independently to the local organisers, asking them to timetable them across the conference so that members can see as many of them as they wish. This has worked very effectively in previous years.

  • Please remember that all contributors need to be fully registered for the conference if they are to be included in the final programme. Please ensure that you are registered in good time and contact the conference organisers if you are in any doubt.

    Members' Hub

    Since the 2010 conference in Liege we have been putting together some basic information about members (contact information, affiliations, and primary research interests). It is hoped that Members will be able to use this Hub as a means of contacting other policing scholars through the working group. If any members would like their details added to the Hub, please email them to Alistair Henry (

    The Hub will be updated from time to time and the current version can be accessed here.

    Some recent activities of the Working Group on Policing

    The Working Group on Policing coordinates themed panels at the annual conference and has organised some larger pre-conference events. It provides a welcome forum within the ESC for scholars interested in policing (broadly defined) to meet, network and exchange ideas. Over the last few years members have been successful in publishing contributions to these sessions either as individual journal articles, special issues of journals, or as edited book collections. For example, colleagues from Ghent University, University College Ghent and the Free University of Brussels organised and hosted a pre-conference event for Working Group members prior to the 2010 ESC conference in Liege, Belgium. The theme of the conference was Police, Policing, Policy and the City in Europe and a book of this name was published by Eleven International Publishers from the contributions to it. At the Vilnius conference the following year, Jan Tersptra and Nick Fyfe organised a themed panel on police reform in Europe leading to the publication in 2013 of an edited collection Centralizing forces? Comparative perspectives on contemporary police reform in northern and western Europe. The establishment of the new European Journal of Policing Studies this year is another exciting development and the editors are actively interested in hearing from members of the ESC who might be interested in submitting work to it. Through publishing work that was developed through ESC activities we hope that the Working Group will make a valuable contribution not only to the life of the annual meetings, but also to the wider development of the field, particularly its comparative dimensions. We strongly encourage members to use themed panels pragmatically to develop their work with a view to publication.

    Origins of the Working Group on Policing

    This working group was established following the 8th annual meeting of the ESC in Edinburgh in September 2008. All members of the ESC are very welcome to contact the PWG chairs in order to sign up to the mailing list.

    Aims and objectives of the Working Group on Policing

    The proposed Working Group on Policing aims to realise the central aim of the ESC in relation to the field of policing and police research:

    The Socity wishes to foster criminological scholarship, research, education and training, and to encourage scholarly, scientific and practical exchange and cooperation among criminologists in Europe and elsewhere. Its objective is further to serve as a forum for the dissemination of criminological knowledge at the European level.

    To this end there are three inter-related aims of the Working Group on Policing:

  • To facilitate the networking of scholars and practitioners interested in the study of police organisations and policing
  • To open up and develop lines of communication and cooperation between nationally-based research centres, institutes and academies with policing-related interests and activities
  • To act as a hub through which scholars, practitioners and the policy community can collaborate productively together (e.g. through the development of comparative research programmes, knowledge transfer events, visiting scholarships/fellowships, or joint teaching and continuing professional development ventures)

    Steering Group of the Working Group on Policing

    The following people have volunteered to act as a steering group for the PWG in its early stages. The steering group will take responsibility for coordinating the activities of the working group and will also act as points of contact for members or interested parties wishing to contact and/or contribute to the life and development of it. Steering Group members welcome emails from members of the ESC.

    Tore Bjorgo:
    jarrett Baustein:
    Sofie De Kimpe:
    Elke Devroe:
    Thomas Feltes:
    Nick Fyfe:
    Alistair Henry:
    Layla Skinns:
    Jan Terpstra:

    European Sourcebook Group (Chair: Jörg-Martin Jehle)

    The European Sourcebook Group is a group of experts that produces on a regular basis the European Sourcebook of Crime and Criminal Justice Statistics.

    The first European Sourcebook project started in 1996. In that year the Council of Europe established a committee to prepare a compendium of crime and criminal justice data for its member states. Information was collected from 36 European countries covering the period 1990 to 1996. It included both statistical data and information on the statistical rules and the definitions behind these figures. This resulted in the publication by the Council of Europe of the first European Sourcebook in 1999. Also a 'Key Findings' bulletin was published in 2000 and an issue of the European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research (Vol. 8, No. 1, 2000) was mainly devoted on some results of the Sourcebook data.

    A second European Sourcebook project sponsored by the governments of Switzerland, United Kingdom and the Netherlands was completed and the findings were published in December 2003 by the Dutch WODC in their publications series (nr. 212). The publication reports on criminal justice data for 40 European countries covering the period 1995 - 2000. A special double issue of the European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research (Vol. 10, Nos. 2-3, 2004) was devoted to the results of the Sourcebook data.

    In June 2006 the third edition, sponsored by France, the Netherlands, Switzerland and the United Kingdom, was published again in the WODC publication series (nr. 241). This edition is a limited one: not all tables were updated. It covers the years 2000 - 2003 for 37 countries.

    The fourth edition, covering the years 2003-2007, will be published in 2009. It will be a full edition, with the addition of some new crime types.

    All editions of the European Sourcebook are available in the group's Webpage:

    The European Sourcebook Group became an ESC Working Group at the end of 2008. The current members of the group are:

    Martin KILLIAS
    , University of Zurich, Switzerland (Chairman)
    Marcelo AEBI, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
    Gordon BARCLAY, Home Office, United Kingdon
    Beata GRUSZCZYNSKA, Institute of Justice, Poland
    Stefan HARRENDORF, Georg-August-Universität, Germany
    Markku HEISKANEN, HEUNI, Finland
    Vasilika HYSI, University of Tirana, Albania
    Jörg-Martin JEHLE, Georg-August-Universität, Germany
    Ernesto SAVONA, Transcrime, Italy
    Olena SHOSTKO, Yaroslav Mudry National Law Academy, Ukraine
    Paul SMIT, Ministry of Justice, The Netherlands
    Rannveig THORISDOTTIR, The Reykjavik Metropolitan Police, Iceland

    ESC working group on Prison Life & Effects of Imprisonment (Chair: Anja Dirkzwager and Kirstin Drenkhahn)


    Imprisonment is currently the most severe governmental sanction imposed on criminal offenders in Europe. Approximately one million persons are confined in penal institutions across Council of Europe countries, and prison populations have been growing in two thirds of them. Therefore, substantial numbers of people have had a prison experience and increasing numbers of people are released from prisons back into society. It is important to know the impact of incarceration on these (ex-)prisoners and whether there are long-term unanticipated consequences of imprisonment on the further lives of ex-prisoners and their families.

    Despite its manifest importance in crime prevention, there is surprisingly little knowledge on life in prisons as well as the (causal) effects of imprisonment. While some literature is available about prison climate and the effects of imprisonment on recidivism, far less is known about the effects of imprisonment on more conventional life domains such as socio-economic status (employment, living conditions), family formation and disruption, social integration, and health. Moreover, the methodological designs of most existing studies are inadequate to overcome selection effects and, therefore, cannot make causal inferences about the relationships between imprisonment and the further life course. Additionally, most prior studies did not address questions regarding mechanisms that might explain the effects of imprisonment on life-course circumstances.
    This means that basic questions regarding the (causal) effects of incarceration on criminal behavior and life course circumstances of convicted persons and their family members remain largely unanswered.

    In order to stimulate prison research in Europe and to promote contact between the various European research groups working on imprisonment, we have established the ESC working group on imprisonment. We would like to invite all ESC members involved in studies on prison life and the consequences of imprisonment to combine their expertise and join the working group.

    The specific interests of the working group include:

    1) Life in prison
    2) The effectiveness and impact of prison sentences on:
    a. life courses of ex-prisoners (e.g. socioeconomic status; labor participation; social networks; health)
    b. future criminal behavior of ex-prisoners
    c. life courses and criminal behavior of ex-prisoners' families
    3) Causal effects of imprisonment on the further life course of ex-prisoners and their families
    4) Mechanisms explaining the (causal) effects of imprisonment
    5) Theories and a theoretical integration of knowledge on the effects of imprisonment


    To facilitate and encourage research on life in prisons and the consequences of imprisonment, and to maximize international dissemination of prison research results.

    Our objectives are

    1) To promote communication between European researchers on imprisonment
    2) To organize thematic sessions at the annual ESC meetings
    3) To establish cross-national research ties and promote international collaboration on prison research


    The working group is chaired by and its activities coordinated by Anja Dirkzwager. All ESC-members involved in research projects on prison life and its consequences are invited to join. If you would like to join, please send your name, position, affiliation, and a description of the research project(s) you are working on to:

    Contact address

    Dr. A.J.E. (Anja) Dirkzwager
    NSCR (Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement)
    PO Box 71304
    The Netherlands
    Tel: +31 (0)20 - 598 5239 (secr.)
    Fax: +31 (0)20 - 598 3975

    European working group on Organizational Crime (EUROC) (Chair: Gudrun Vande Walle, Judith van Erp and
    Wim Huisman)


    In order to stimulate research in the field of organizational crime in Europe and to promote exchange and collaboration between the various European research groups working in this field, we set up a working group on organizational criminology.
    European criminology has traditionally focused on the conventional offender and on conventional crime, whereas organizational crime remains a theoretical and empirical challenge. In recent decades there is increased attention for the field, also in the European context, and this working group intends to contribute to this further theoretical and empirical underpinning of the research domain.
    The working group on organizational crime focuses on crime, deviance or semi-legal "cosmetic compliance" behavior, committed by corporations, firms, organizations, or state actors or by individuals in an organizational context. These acts can be financial-economic crime (financial market fraud, cartels, corruption, etc.), environmentally damaging or green crimes, product safety violations, state-corporate crime, or war crimes. This entails a focus on victims' and perpetrators' perceptions on, and experiences with, corporate and organizational crime. We pay attention to the etiology of the phenomenon, by focusing on issues of criminalization, motives and opportunities on macro, meso and micro level.
    Besides this etiological focal point, our focus goes to the reactions and approaches (regulation, governance and enforcement) to organizational crime from the perspective of a variety of public and private actors, such as various local, national and international governments and state institutions (police, inspection services, judiciary, policy makers, etc.), private regulators such as NGO's and private security firms, and internal regulatory forces such as compliance officers, auditors and accountants.


    To stimulate and facilitate research in the international field of organizational crime.


    A number of specific objectives in support of this aim have been established:
    • to promote communication between European researchers on organizational crime;
    • to exchange experience with empirical research in the field of organisational crime;
    • to inform researchers on new fields of research, new approaches, et cetera;
    • to stimulate permanent discussion;
    • to organize thematic EUROC-sessions at the annual ESC-conferences.


    Gudrun Vande Walle, Ghent University College
    Judith van Erp, Erasmus University Rotterdam
    Wim Huisman, Free University of Amsterdam


    Joep Beckers, Erasmus University Rotterdam

    Becoming a member

    If you are a researcher working on the topic of corporate and organizational crime, we invite you to join our working group. In order to join, please send your name, position, affiliation, and a short description of the research project you are working on to


    For further details you can also contact Wim Huisman (, Judith van Erp (, Gudrun Vande Walle (

    ESC Working Group on Sentencing & Penal Decision-Making (Chair: Cyrus Tata)



    At the Tenth Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology (ESC) held at Liege, the Executive Committee agreed to accept a proposal to create a new Working Group on Sentencing & Penal Decision-Making. The proposal arose from two recent small European symposia held at the University of Strathclyde (2008); University of Leiden (2010); and a stream of five pre-arranged panel sessions (16 papers) organised for the 2010 ESC conference.


    The aim of the Working Group is to bring together scholars working in the field of sentencing and penal decision-making (and others with a serious interest in academic work in that field) in order to: share research; ideas; and to encourage interest in the field across Europe. The Working Group seeks to foster discussion and fresh thinking; stimulate research; encourage theoretical development of the field; and critical as well as comparative European work. Specifically the proposed ESC Working Group on sentencing and penal decision-making is intended:

    • To facilitate the collaboration and networking of scholars, policy officials and practitioners across Europe, including countries whose sentencing and penal decision-making processes are not well-known to international audiences
    • To unlock the potential for cooperation among individuals and groups across Europe so that there is greater mutual knowledge and understanding of national sentencing systems and European-wide developments
    • To provide a visible forum so that scholars, policy
      officials and practitioners can discuss research, develop ideas, and disseminate knowledge to each other and also those in the policy and/or practice communities who might not otherwise be aware of that research (e.g. through the ESC web-presence; annual symposia; visiting fellowships; etc)

    Ambit of 'Sentencing and Penal Decision-Making'

    Because of its comprehensive focus on sentencing as an exercise in decision-making, the Working Group's remit extends well beyond those issues connected solely with the judicial selection of punishment. Many other decision-making processes which either affect or are affected by judicial sentencing practices are also of interest. So-called "back-door" decisions, such as the grant of remission, parole or other early release to sentenced prisoners, clearly fall within this category. But so also do other decisions, at earlier and later stages of the overall criminal process, including prosecution charging practices, plea decision-making and, where it exists, plea bargaining, which may have a significant impact on the sentence ultimately imposed.

    An indicative areas of interest to the Working Group include, for example: influences in the sentencing decision process; the politics of sentencing and penal policy-making; judicial discretion; the use of non-executive penalties; judicial and penal cultures; victims and sentencing; public opinion, public attitudes and knowledge of sentencing and punishment; multi-disciplinary courts; sentencing reform structures; penal aims and justifications; (in)equality and punishment; consistency and disparity in sentencing and penal decision-making; legitimacy and decision-making; the role of new technologies; release from custody; plea-bargaining. However, it is stressed that these are indicative examples only and this list is not intended to be exhaustive.

    In all of these areas the Working Group aims to bring comparative perspectives and a focus on changes in European law and policy, as well as theoretical rigour and search for fresh approaches.

    Rationale for the Working Group

    Although sentencing and penal decision-making is a long-established field which attracts numerous papers to ESC each year there is no Working Group dedicated to sentencing and penal-decision-making.

    Developments at the levels of the Council of Europe and the European Union provide further impetus for the creation of the proposed Working Group. Throughout much of its history, the European Court of Human Rights did not deal very extensively with sentencing issues as such, apart from matters connected with life sentences. More recently, however, it has decided many cases involving the extent to which prison conditions in some member states comply with Article 3 of the Convention. Meanwhile, European Union institutions are becoming more closely involved in criminal law matters, particularly through the creation of framework decisions on judicial co-operation and mutual recognition of judicial decisions. States may now, for example, refuse to surrender a person under a European Arrest Warrant if, at the time of the proposed surrender, he or she is at risk of suffering a violation of his/her rights under Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights on account of prison conditions (or, presumably sentencing practices) in the requesting state. Here, then, we see the legislation and case law of the two major European institutions combining to have a potentially profound impact on the sentencing and custodial regimes of member states. Thus, the WG seeks to examine the legal, social and policy implications of these developments also.


    The Working Group builds on the stream of five panels organised for Liege conference and continue to organise a stream of panels for the annual ESC conference. In addition, it is intended to organise regular symposia examining European sentencing and penal decision-making issues. The Working Group warmly welcomes new members, (some of whom may not otherwise become ESC members nor ESC conference delegates), including from countries where sentencing and penal decision-making scholarship does not have a high international profile. The Working Group will also seek to forge links with policy and practice communities in different countries and also at EU level. For instance, we actively seek to promote our activities to a range of policy and practice audiences, such as sentencing councils (eg that in England & Wales, and in Scotland); judicial studies organisations, etc.

    Cooperation with the Community Sanctions Working Group

    The Community Sanctions Group refers to some aspects of sentencing at its meetings in so far as it is pertinent to community sanctions. To the extent that there are some areas of common interest, the two Working Groups have agreed to cooperate. The Chair of the CS Working Group is also a member of the Sentencing and Penal Decision-Making Working Group, and the Chair of the Sentencing & Penal Decision-Making WG is also a member of the CS Working Group. Similar cooperation will be sought with other Working Groups where appropriate.


    Membership is open to anyone with a scholarly interest in European aspects of sentencing and penal decision-making. This includes those who are not active academic researchers themselves but have a strong interest in such research (e.g. policy officials, NGOs, criminal justice practitioners). We also warmly welcome the interest of early career researchers (eg PhD students) and other post-graduate students. We are also particularly interested in contact with individuals from national jurisdictions whose sentencing and penal decision-making is less well known internationally.

    If you are interested in joining the WG please contact the WG Chair (Dr. Cyrus Tata).

    Initial Members:

    The following list of individuals is mainly composed of those participating in the sentencing 'stream' of pre-arranged panels for the 2010 ESC conference, and others who others who have requested to join at September 2010.

    Cyrus Tata, University of Strathclyde, Scotland (Chair of the WG)

    Kristel Beyens, Vrije Universiteit Brussel
    Belgium Miranda Boone, University of Utrecht, Netherlands
    Andreia de Castro-Rodrigues, Universidade Fernando Pessoa, Porto, Portugal
    Ioan Durnescu, University of Bucharest, Romania
    Hank Elffers, Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime & Law Enforcement
    Eef Goedseels, Department of Justice, Government of Belgium
    Martine Herzog-Evans, University of Reims, France
    Ville Hinkkanen, National Research Institute of Legal Policy, Finland
    Les Humphreys, University of Lancaster, England & Wales
    Jan de Keijser, University of Leiden, Netherlands
    Fiona Jamieson, University of Edinburgh, Scotland
    Elena Larrauri, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Spain
    Miklos Levay, Etos Lorand University, and, Constitutional Court of the Republic of Hungary
    Max D.P. Lowenstein, University of Bournemouth, England
    Niamh Maguire, Waterford Institute of Technology, Republic of Ireland
    Grazia Mannozzi, University of Insubria, Como, Italy
    Tom O'Malley, University of Galway, Republic of Ireland
    Christine Morgenstern, University of Griefswald, Germany
    Julian Roberts, University of Oxford, England & Wales
    Miroslav Scheinost, Institute of Criminology & Social Prevention, Czech Republic
    Veerle Scheirs, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium
    Marguerite Schinkel, University of Edinburgh, Scotland
    Pauline Schuyt, University of Leiden, Netherlands
    Rasmus Wandall, University of Copenhagen, Denmark

    Gender, Crime and Justice Working Group (Approved and launched in 2010) Convenor: Loraine Gelsthorpe, UK


    The idea for this Working Group emerged at the ESC conference in Ljubljana, Slovenia, in September 2009. A number of those present indicated that they would welcome the opportunity to share ideas on gender, crime and criminal justice. Informal discussions then led to a request to formalise the Working Group. Approval was sought from the ESC Executive and granted in 2010. We launched the Working Group at the 2010 conference.

    Gender issues are central to the very conception of crime insofar as there has tended to be gender blindness or confusion about gender in both the construction of the law and in criminological theorizing. Gender issues are also important in considerations of both pathways into and out of crime, and they are pertinent to patterns of resilience and desistance. There are also important gender-related issues to consider in relation to social regulation and conceptions of criminal and social justice, including both procedural and substantive dimensions of this. Gender is thus an important consideration in the creation, implementation and operation of the law.


    The aims of the Working Group are to encourage networking, foster discussion, stimulate empirical research, enable theoretical development, and encourage critical and comparative work on all matters relating to gender, crime, and criminal justice. In particular, the Working Group relishes the prospect of inter-disciplinary working on topics relating to gender.


    1) To share information and ideas about gender, crime and criminal justice across different European jurisdictions
    2) To offer support to those in the ESC interested in gender dimensions of crime and criminal justice
    3) To identify some comparative research questions - and, in due course, possibly to develop specific funded research collaborations between the members of the Working Group
    4) To organize thematic discussions based around gender at ESC conferences and meetings

    European Historical Criminology (EHC) working group Chair: Sverre Flaatten, University of Oslo

    In order to stimulate research on historical criminology in Europe, we invite all ESC members interested in historical perspectives on crime and crime control to combine their expertise and join the working group.
    Chair: Sverre Flaatten, University of Oslo

    Historical research on crime, criminal law and criminology has been conducted for a number of years in various academic disciplines in Europe Fields of interests for the network are; the history of crime, the prison institutions, social work, police, criminal law, the criminal justice system, the discipline of criminology, institutional history, comparative historical research, legal history, genocide and war crimes.

    The aim of the working group is to establish cross-national research ties and promote international collaboration on EHC-topics. The working group functions as an arena for researchers interested in crime and crime control in a historical perspective and as a communication channel for historical studies and projects. It also promotes the importance of historical research in criminology.

    The overall objective is to develop and strengthen comparative historical research on crime, criminal justice and criminology. The working group will contribute to the development of interdisciplinary, comparative methods of historical studies of crime, criminal justice and criminology. This will be methodologically and theoretically interesting for criminological studies that analyze contemporary phenomena through historical perspectives, or that somehow incorporate it in an analysis of crime.

    The working group provides opportunities for researchers interested in historical criminology to exchange ideas for collaborative writing and research and further stimulate comparative understanding of European historical criminology.


    The constitution of the working group is relatively informal and participation in its activities is open to all members of the ESC who share a research interest in its aim and objectives. Offers of papers and suggestions for themed panels to be convened by the working group at the annual meetings of the ESC are welcome.

    Please contact the chair, Sverre Flaatten, at, for further details.


    The victimology working group Chair: Jan Van Dijk


    The victimology working group aims to encourage networking and exchange of ideas, research cooperation as well as development of theoretical knowledge about victims and victimology, and critical analyses of victim related legislations and policies in Europe.

    Its specific interests and concerns include:

    1. Victim needs, rights and standing in criminal procedure

    2. International documents and national and European legislations, as well as victim policies and their evaluations

    3. Media representation of victims

    4. Victims of conventional crime, as well as victims of gender-based violence, cross-border crime, terrorism, war crime and gross human rights violation, white collar crime etc.

    5. Politics of victimisation, including particularly political misuse of victims and victimisation

    6. Finding balance between victim's and offender's rights

    7. Development and challenges of victim support in Europe

    8. Victimisations surveys

    9. Victims and crime prevention

    10. Victims and restorative justice

    Purposes working group

    1. To develop and propose panel sessions at ESC conferences

    2. To exchange research and publications

    3. To enhance networking and cooperation between victimological scholars in Europe

    4. To provide information on European projects, to cooperate and participate in (the development) of such projects

    5. To develop an overview of university-level victimology courses and teachers

    6. To attract victimological scholars -whether or not they identify themselves as such (transitional justice, human rights, trauma studies, social psycholgy of victimisation) to the ESC conference

    7. To connect European victimologists to Victimology in other parts of the World, for instance Latin America and Asia


    Jan van Dijk (Tilburg, chair)

    Carina Gallo (Lund), Vesna Nikolic (Belgrade), Elmar Weitekamp (Tuebingen), Stephanie Fohring (Edinburgh), Anabel Cerezo (Malaga), Frederiek de Vlaming (Amsterdam), Renée Kool (Utrecht), Maarten Kunst (Leiden), Frida Wheldon (Edinburgh), Sanja Copic (Belgrade), Liliane Stevkovic (Belgrade), Susanna Vezzadinni (Bologna), Claudia Campistol (Lausanne), Leontien van der Knaap (Tilburg),Inge Vanfraechem (Leuven), Nina Persak (Ghent), Michael Kilchling (Freiburg), Sonja Leferink (Utrecht), Gemma Varona (San Sebastian), Sharie Tavcer (Calgary), , Tinneke van Camp (Sheffield), Ivo Aertsen (Leuven), Joanna Banach (Wroclaw), Antony Pemberton (Tilburg, secretary)

    Members who so far accepted to be the part of the group:

    Ivo Aertsen, Belgium
    Vesna Nikolic-Ristanovic, Serbia
    Ljiljana Stevkovic, Serbia

    Chair: Jan Van Dijk, INTERVICT, Tilburg University

    Contact: INTERVICT, Tilburg University

    European Criminology Group on Atrocity Crimes and Transitional Justice (Chairs: Nandor Knust, Alette Smeulers, Jon Shute and Susanne Karstedt)

    Europe as a region has been the site of unspeakable mass atrocity crimes and genocide, and Europeans have been involved as perpetrators in mass violence across the globe. However, Europe was also the site of the Nuremberg Trial, where for the first time perpetrators were brought to justice, and it has been seminal in the proliferation of legal instruments, and procedures ever since then, including International Criminal Tribunals and the International Criminal Court. The world owes the term 'genocide' to Raphael Lemkin, a Polish migrant in the US.

    It is only recently that these crimes have become the object of systematic criminological research. Criminology is particularly well prepared to address the changing landscape of mass atrocity crimes and to study the mushrooming strategies and mechanisms of transitional justice, given its multiple theoretical and conceptual frameworks and extensive methodological toolboxes. These include micro-level analyses of collective violence, the contextual analysis of state and organizational crime, and perspectives from victimology. Criminologists are well equipped to study the aetiology of such crimes, measure its magnitude, e.g. with victim surveys and evaluate the transitional post-conflict period.

    These crimes are equally challenging for criminologists. If 'ordinary men' commit such crimes, our theories and tools do not fit. If mass atrocities are part of deep-rooted conflicts, the institutions and instruments of justice might hardly or not work at all. Is deterrence of such crimes a useful concept? Criminological engagement with these crimes will not only make a valuable contribution to the field, but also cross-fertilise our own theories and concepts of violence, state crime and victimisation, or of criminal justice.

    European criminology can draw on a wealth of historical and contemporary research on mass atrocities committed on its soil. European diversity therefore provides unique opportunities to contribute wide-ranging comparative perspectives to the global engagement with research on these crimes and transitional justice. European criminologists can rely on numerous in-depth case studies. Widely differing approaches to transitional justice offer unique insights as well as the possibility to contrast different practices.

    The European Criminology Group on Atrocity Crimes and Transitional Justice will bring together criminologists who are engaged in the research on atrocity crimes and transitional justice in and on Europe. We hope to enhance the contribution of criminology and criminologists in this field, to stimulate research in and on Europe and to promote exchange between European and international researchers. The group will collaborate with other networks and research groups in the field. The Supranational Criminology Network is represented in the Group by its founder, Professor Alette Smeulers, Tilburg University, Netherlands. Renowned criminologists John Hagan and Joachim Savelsberg will join us as a Honorary Member.

    Our specific interests and concerns include:

  • To organise thematic sessions at the annual ESC meetings as well as at other international meetings

  • To establish networks between established and young researchers, in particular doctoral students
  • To enhance interdisciplinary and international exchange through dedicated workshops and conferences

  • To develop collaborations with international criminal justice institutions, international bodies and NGOs those are active in the prevention of mass atrocities, in the provision of transitional justice, and in peace keeping

    Our members include from the ESC:

    Catrien Bijleveld, VU Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Susanne Karstedt, University of Leeds, United Kingdom
    Nandor Knust, Max-Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law, Germany
    Stephan Parmentier, Leuven Institute of Criminology (LINC), KU Leuven, Belgium
    Jon Shute, Centre for Criminology and Criminal Justice, School of Law, University of Manchester, UK
    Estelle Zinsstag, Leuven Institute of Criminology (LINC), KU Leuven, Belgium


    Nandor Knust, Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law, Germany,

    Criminal Law-Making Policy ESC Working Group (Chair: José Luis Díez-Ripollés Institute of Criminology (Malaga, Spain)


    The Criminal Law-Making Policy ESC Working Group
    (hereafter "the Group") aims to build a scientific debate forum in which cross-national experiences and information are gathered to study how criminal legislative decisions are taken and how they could be improved.

    It is our conviction that, despite legislator's through elections legitimacy to pass criminal laws, this does not exclude the possibility of monitoring and improving the legislative process. Higher quality in criminal legislation is possible and desirable, and the tools needed to achieve this goal should be made available by experts from social sciences.

    In such endeavour, empirical research as well as theoretical development is highly needed. An inter-disciplinary approach which makes sure the cooperation among criminologists, legal experts, political scientists, psychologists, sociologists, public administration and management experts, etc. seems unavoidable.

    Fields of interest

    1. Legislative process: the Group interest in legislative processes embraces a wide conception of it rather than a strictly legal one

      a. It first concerns with the sociological process that takes place before legislative decisions reach political institutions such as Government or Parliament. In these sociological pre-legislative stages social, economic and political groups of interest, as well as the media, among others, may play a leading role in the definition of the problem and of possible alternatives to confront it.

      b.The Group is also interested on the central stage in criminal law-making: the legislative stage, where the Executive and Legislative branches discuss within and between them a legislative draft and push it through successive phases.
      c. Though it is common to assume that criminal law-making process ends with the enactment of the law, the need for a subsequent third phase has become clear in recent times. The evaluation of the law enforcement, its ability to achieve the established goals and the possible collateral effects is a key element to improve criminal law-making. Bearing in mind that legislation is a continuous and circular process, the collection of new data and information from current experience paves the way for new and better legal reforms.

    2. Rational decision law-making: the concept of rationality has proved to be suitable for arguments, discourses and decisional analysis. It is, of course, a complex concept that needs to be made operational, and deep efforts are being made in such direction by a number of scholars. Through the development of a refined concept of rationality, decisions adopted by those engaged in the criminal law-making process may be scrutinized. Rationality as a theoretical and normative model helps us to tackle with the varied elements involved in legislative decision-making, establishing a certain order and differentiation among them. So far, legislative rationality has been divided into five levels: ethical, teleological, pragmatic, systematic and linguistic, each of them providing the opportunity for analysing relevant issues involved in each of them.

    3. Constitutional control of criminal law-making: All our efforts to build a better legislative decision process need a body with the authority to enforce the rules and regulations previously agreed, such representing a third branch of the Group interests. Legislative bodies must be accountable for their actions, not only politically, but also legally, and Constitutional Courts could play a significant role in endorsing or disapproving criminal legislation. Certainly this constitutional control should never be understood as a substitution for legislator's will, but it could definitely set the standards that criminal legislation is expected to observe.

    It is worth of taking into account how the study of all these issues benefits from the comparative perspective, inherent to ESC Working Groups. The experience and information brought in by Criminal Law-Making Group members ensure the best possible scenario to engage in the development of scientifically founded recommendations for public authorities working in the criminal law-making process.

    As has been said, the need of an interdisciplinary approach is urgent to go beyond the legal approach which, though needed, greatly benefits from other social sciences´ perspectives.

    Current members:

    1. Ayling, Julie
    2. Bárd, Petra
    3. Becerra, José
    4. Brandariz, Jose Angel
    5. Cepas, Algimantas
    6. Díez-Ripollés, José Luis
    7. Dünkel, Frieder
    8. Faraldo-Cabana, Patricia
    9. Gálvez-Bermúdez, Carlos
    10. García-Ruiz, Ascensión
    11. Hack, Peter
    12. Király, Eszter
    13. Lappi-Seppälä, Tapio
    14. Larrauri Pijoan, Elena
    15. Levay, Miklós
    16. Marteache, Nerea
    17. Osorio, Frank
    18. Persak, Nina
    19. Raduly, Zsuzsa
    20. Reyes-Reyes, Magda Stella
    21. Róth, Erika
    22. Sárik, Eszter
    23. Sodini, Daniela
    24. Tonry, Michael
    25. Viveiros, Carlos Domenico
    26. Martínez Francisco, Nieves
    27. Samuel Rodríguez Ferrández

    Themed panel sessions:

    We are currently working on panel sessions for the 2014 ESC Conference. We warmly invite all interested persons to join the Group and participate in such panels.

  • Do not hesitate to contact us at

    Immigration, Crime and Citizenship (Co-chairs: Maria João Guia and May-Len Skillbrei)

    Immigration and citizenship issues are addressed by a growing body of criminological research in Europe, and in a broader international context. Migrants are increasingly prominent subjects of contemporary public debates about deviance, social exclusion, victimhood, identity, security and criminalisation. This working group aims to discuss and examine the complex connections between migration, criminalisation, victimisation, and European criminal justice institutions. While these topics have long historic antecedents, on which the group will actively draw, it also aims to address novel developments brought on by the various ways in which European states attempt to control unwanted migration (take, for example, a look on the webpage on some of these topics). Moreover, issues such as criminalisation, human rights, citizenship and social exclusion are not only of central importance in criminological studies of migration, but also offer a productive starting point for comparative analysis and academic cooperation.

    The working group aims to facilitate the co-operation among scholars and students working on topics such as:

    - Immigration control and human rights;
    - Borders and border security;
    - Human trafficking and smuggling of migrants;
    - Migration and gender;
    - Politics of immigration, crime and deviance;
    - Prostitution and migration;
    - Migration and victimisation;
    - The intersection of immigration law and criminal law ('Crimmigration');
    - Imprisonment and immigration detention;
    - Citizenship and criminal justice;
    - Crime and juvenile migration issues;
    - Criminal organizations and transnational crime;
    - Terrorism and securitisation.

    Aims of the working group

    This group aims to connect and integrate researchers working in the above mentioned and the related fields. The group aims to serve as a platform for academic discussions, the organisation of conference sessions, comparative research projects, funding applications, student exchanges, workshops and joint publications on immigration, crime and citizenship and the related subtopics. The relationship between immigration, crime and citizenship is a growing and highly topical field of research, and the working group will facilitate critical discussions on theory development, methodological innovation and policy implications in this field.


    We are open to established and emerging scholars from diverse backgrounds and with diverse methodological and theoretical perspectives.


    - Maria João Guia - Portugal
    - May-Len Skilbrei - Norway
    - Katja Franko Aas - Norway
    - José Ángel Brandariz Garcia - Spain
    - Chris Eskridge - USA
    - Michael Platzer - Austria
    - Sílvia Gomes - Portugal

    If you would like to join, please send your name, position, affiliation to:
    Maria João Guia: or May-Len Skilbrei:

    Cultural Criminology Working Group (Co-chairs: Fiore Geelhoed and Damián Zaitch)

    Cultural Criminology has set solid foot on European grounds. In various EU countries criminologists delve deeply into issues related to the meaning of crime, identities, subcultural styles, and their relation to contemporary culture and social reactions to crime. They do this by using qualitative research methods such as ethnography, visual and virtual methods or discourse analysis, and they look crime and deviance from various perspectives and academic disciplines. A growing number of books, articles and journals, both in the UK and continental Europe, reflect a fruitful intellectual production by junior and senior cultural criminologists.

    This Working Group offers a platform for ESC members with an interest in cultural criminological research to present and exchange their findings and to inspire new research and international initiatives.


    To stimulate research and share knowledge in the field of Cultural Criminology.


    Following from this aim, the Cultural Criminology Working Group has the following objectives:

  • To further the development of Cultural Criminology as a field of criminological study
  • To promote contact between European researchers with an interest in Cultural Criminology
  • To exchange knowledge and compare findings from different European countries to increase criminological understanding
  • To stimulate critical, international discussion of cultural criminological research findings
  • To share experiences with qualitative research methods applied in the field of Cultural Criminology
  • To foster and develop internationally funded research projects
  • To organize international meetings of cultural criminologists, such as panels at the annual ESC conferences and recurrent International Cultural Criminology Conferences (several already held in London, Utrecht and Amsterdam).


  • The first working group meeting at the ESC conference in September 2014
  • Organization of the second International Cultural Criminology Conference to be held in Amsterdam, the Netherlands (VU University) in June/July 2015


    ESC-members interested in research in the field of Cultural Criminology are welcome to join this working group. To join the working group and to receive further information, you can contact Fiore Geelhoed, VU University Amsterdam ( or Damián Zaitch, Utrecht University (

    ESC/ISSDP Working Group on European Drug Policies (Chair: Alex Stevens)

    Plans for 2014/15


    To develop the field of drug policy research, with a particular focus on research on the creation and effect of supra-national, national and local policies in Europe.


    Any member of both the International Society of the Study or Drug Policy and the European Society of Criminology who wishes to participate.

    People who are members of only one or neither of these Societies would be welcome to participate in some of the activities of the group (e.g. meetings at conferences), but could not be a formal member of the group.

    Potential working methods (for discussion)

  • Dissemination of research findings at ISSDP and ESC conferences, through panel sessions and workshops.
  • Joint publications by members. These could include:

    1. Special issues of journals (e.g. European Journal of Criminology, International Journal of Drug Policy.)
    2. Edited collections.
    3. Jointly authored reports and books.
  • Development of new studies and research projects, through:

    1. Sharing data and methods
    2. New research funding proposals (including to the European Commission).
    First steps

  • Setting up a panel each of the conferences of the ESC and ISSDP in 2014.
  • A panel on 'problems and advances in international, comparative drug policy research' was held at the ISSDP conference in March 2014.
  • ESC is hosting plenary session on drug policy at the 2014 conference.
  • A join ESC/ISDP, 'Beyond the Criminalisation of Drug Use', is being held at the ESC conference in September 2015.
  • We will host an ESC/ISSDP panel on European drug policy at the 2015 conference of the ISSDO in 2015 (Ghent, 20-22 May 2015).
  • Future activities to be discussed at the ESC and ISSSP in 2014/15.

    For more information:

    Alex Stevens, University of Kent:

    ESC Working Group on Balkan Criminology (Chairs: Anna-Maria Getoš Kalac, Almir Maljevic, Andra-Roxana Trandafir)

    The ESC Working Group on Balkan Criminology is an initiative of the Max Planck Partner Group for Balkan Criminology (MPPG;, which has been jointly established in January 2013 by the Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law and the Zagreb Faculty of Law. It represents a working forum of the MPPG's "Balkan Criminology Network" (BCNet) - a network of researchers and scholars with particular interest and expertise in the field of crime research and criminology in the Balkans that has been active since June 2013.


    The Working Group aims to create a forum of experts in the field of criminology and criminal justice focused on the Balkans in the framework of the ESC. This will be the basis for regional research endeavors, exchange of experience and knowledge, gathering of regional expertise, and should in the long run also ensure a pool of prospective junior researchers to be hired across the region.

    Research Focuses

    The idea of doing criminological research focused on the Balkans is very much related to the history of the region, as well as with the consequences of wide spread ethnic conflict and ongoing state-building, whereby the criminal justice system plays a major role. Also, European criminological research, especially quantitative surveys, have so far usually covered only some parts of the region (EU member/candidate states), creating an 'empirical black hole' in the very center of the Balkans, and making a regional approach far overdue.

    Therefore, a regional approach is not only historically and sociologically plausible, but it also takes into account the transnational nature of organized crime and illegal markets - the main security challenge in the Balkans (UNODC, 2008). Since conventional and violent crime seems to play a far less important role in the region than compared to the rest of Europe (UNODC, 2008), it again seems justified to look at the region as a whole in search of the causes for such findings. Whether and how this relatively high level of security is reflected in the feelings and perceptions of (in)security and crime in the Balkans is another challenging research question. In addition the region can be explored in terms of new methodological trends in violence research due to the presence of large-scale mass-violence, and the empirical potential this holds for criminological research. A last issue concerning not only the Balkans, but also international criminal justice at a global level deals with international sentencing: How should perpetrators of the most heinous crimes be dealt with, what is the purpose of their sentencing, which principles should govern the sentencing, and shouldn't there be a minimal range of sentences for the 'worst of the worst'?


    Members are researchers and scholars from the region and outside of it, out of whom the following are regular ESC members:

    1. Prof. Dr. Hans-Jörg Albrecht, Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law, Germany
    2. Prof. Dr. Jan Van Dijk, INTERVICT, Tilburg University, Netherlands
    3. Prof. Dr. Marcelo Aebi, ICDP, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
    4. Prof. Dr. John Winterdyk, Mount Royal University, Canada
    5. Prof. Dr. Gordana Bužarovska, Faculty of Law, University Justinianus Primus, Skopje, Macedonia
    6. Prof. Dr. Effi Lambropoulou, Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences, Athens, Greece
    7. Prof. Dr. Djordje Ignjatovic, Faculty of Law, University of Belgrade, Serbia
    8. Dr. Michael Kichling, Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law, Germany
    9. Assoc. Prof. Muhamed Budimlic, Faculty of Criminal Justice, Criminology and Security Studies, University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    10. Assist. Prof. Dr. Anna-Maria Getoš Kalac, Faculty of Law, University of Zagreb, head of the MPGG
    11. Assist. Prof. Dr. Almir Maljevic, Faculty of Criminal Justice, Criminology and Security Studies, University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    12. Assist. Prof. Dr. Tuba Topçuoclu, Faculty of Law, University of Istanbul, Turkey
    13. Assist. Prof. Dr. Andra-Roxana Trandafir, Faculty of Law, University of Bucharest, Romania
    14. Reana Bezic, PhD Candidate, Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law, Germany
    15. Aleksandar Maršavelski, PhD Candidate, Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law, Germany
    16. Karlo Ressler, PhD Candidate, Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law, Germany
    17. Suncana Roksandic Vidlicka, PhD Candidate, Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law, Germany
    18. Filip Vojta, PhD Candidate, Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law, Germany


    For further information, please see the website of the MPGG:


    'Balkan Criminology' One-Week Intensive Course
    Max Planck Partner Group for 'Balkan Criminology'
    October, 5 - 9, 2015
    Dubrovnik, Croatia


    Assist. Prof. Dr. Anna-Maria Getoš Kalac:
    Assist. Prof. Dr. Almir Maljevic :
    Assist. Prof. Dr. Andra-Roxana Trandafir :

    ESC Narrative Criminology Working Group (Co-chairs: Jennifer Fleetwood, Sveinung Sandberg and Alfredo Verde)

    First person accounts from offenders have a special status in Criminology, yet they are often understood simply as records of events. Narrative Criminology instead understands first person account differently - as part and parcel of the motivations for, and undertaking of criminal and harmful behaviours. Drawing on theory from a wide variety of disciplines (Psychology, Humanities, Ethnomethodology, Feminism And Cultural Studies), Narrative Criminology seeks to understand and explain harmful and criminal behaviours. Interviews are a mainstay of Narrative Criminology, but researchers also draw on criminal manifestos, analysis of historical documents, ethnography, as well as on literary fiction and its interaction with reality.

    The Working Group will offer a Europe-wide platform for the development of Narrative Criminology.


    To stimulate research and share knowledge in the field of Narrative Criminology.


    Following from this aim, the Narrative Criminology Working Group has the following objectives:


  • To promote the development of Narrative Criminology as a distinctive theoretical and empirical approach in Criminology.
  • To identify and develop potential overlaps and mutual interests with related Study and Working Groups (for example, Cultural Criminology; Gender, Crime and Justice; Historical Criminology).
  • To stimulate the development of theory, and methodological innovations in Narrative Criminology.
  • To foster international research collaborations, including funding bids.


  • The first Working Group meeting at the ESC Conference in 2016, and subsequent annual meetings.
  • Co-ordination of panels on Narrative Criminology at other national and international Conferences, such as British Society of Criminology, and the American Society of Criminology Annual Conferences.
  • Promote collaborations between Working Group members. This will include organising edited book collections, special edition of journals, applications for research funding etc.
  • Run the Narrative Criminology Research Network website:
  • Membership

    ESC-members interested in Narrative Criminology are welcome to join this Working Group.
    To join the Working Group and to receive further information, you can contact Jennifer Fleetwood




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